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[语法填空]语法填空 In much of Asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl" cultures of China

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更多 发布于:2020-06-02 20:38

In much of Asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl" cultures of China, Japan, Korea, _____36_____ Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might ____37______(make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal ____38______(create) special designs.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots, ____39____(use) twigs(树枝) to remove it. Over time, ____40____the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly.

Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which _____41_____(gradual) turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, ____42____lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the ___43_____(develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and ____44______(be) too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat ____45_____their hands.

36:and   37:be made   38:to create    39:using   40:as/when;

41:gradually    42:who     43:development   44:were   45:with

36.考查并列连词。这里列举了一些亚洲的国家,它们是并列关系,故填and。

37.考查固定词组。sth. be made of精美的筷子可能非由金或银制成的筷子莫属。.....某物由......制成,情态动词后跟动词原形,故填be made。

38.考查不定式作目的状语。技术娴熟的工人会把各种各样的硬质木材和金属结合起来,以创造出特殊风格的筷子。这里用不定式表目的,故填to create。

39.考查现在分词作伴随状语。人们可能使用大锅煮食物,用树枝把锅移开,use的逻辑主语是people,两者是主动关系,用现在分词表示伴随状况,故填using。

40.考查时间状语从句。句意:随着人口的增长,人们开始把食物切成小块,这样可以煮得快一点,这里是时间状语从句,when意为“当……时候”,后跟长动作或短动作,故填as/when。

41.考查副词。副词修饰动词或形容词,这里修饰动词短语turned into,应该用副词,故填gradually。

42.考查非限制性定语从句。剧中有逗号,说明是非限制性定语从句,先行词是Confucius筷子,定语从句缺少主语,且指人,故填who。

43.考查词性转换。the+名词+of,意为“……的……”,这里指“筷子的发展”,故填development。

44.考查时态。根据句意可知,这里指的是刀子因太暴力而不适合在餐桌上使用,believed后跟一个宾语从句,and连接了两个并列的谓语,主语knives是复数,根据时态一致的原则,这里用一般过去时,故填were。

45.考查介词。句意:在印度,大部分人还是用传统的吃饭方法——用手拿,with+表示具体工具的名词,故填with。

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